Research and international collaboration are essential to combat climate change,. The IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) is dedicated to assessing the impact of humans on the climate and proposes possible solutions, whereas global agreements and treaties such as the Conference of the Parties (COP) and the Montreal Protocol establish joint pacts and seek a common framework for acting against climate change.
The Conference of the Parties meets annually meets to discuss actions member states could take to decarbonize the economy and help developing countries. The Paris Agreement, signed at the end of 2015, represented a turning point in climate negotiations, since it was the first time all countries agreed to establish measures to slow down global warming.
Yet one of the clearest examples of successful international collaboration in favor of the environment is the Montreal Protocol. It came into force in 1989, serving to eradicate the use of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) for refrigeration. Thanks to this agreement, the hole in the ozone layer has reduced by more than four million square kilometers over the past 15 years.
According to the report, Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2017, 138.5 GW of energy capacity was added in the world in 2016, 9% more than in the year before. This increase is due to a clear trend among the main global economies to abandon fossil fuels and support renewable energies. Short-term and long-term investment in clean energy generation is increasing, through voluntary markets, to ensure a carbon-neutral world in the future.
A carbon neutral planet
Have you ever heard the term carbon neutrality? It is one of the global aspirations in the fight against climate change contemplated in the Paris Agreement, it is the equivalent of a net result of zero emissions. Do you want to know more about it? Don’t miss this video about carbon neutrality.